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ROME - GENERAL INFORMATION

Visiting Rome is like time travelling: you can admire at the same time the majestic and monumental buildings of the imperial age like the Colosseum, the classic Pantheon, the paleo - Christian basilicas, the medieval bell towers, the renaissance Campidoglio Square, the baroque fountains, the eighteenth-century staircase of Trinità dei Monti and the spectacular Trevi’s Fountain.
Rome is a real casket which contains a higher number of architectural jewels than what it seemed at first sight. This is the reason why the city center of Rome was declared Patrimony of Humanity by UNESCO.

Email: roma@friendlyrentals.com
Tel: (+34) 932 688 051

 

MONUMENTS

     
  • ARA PACIS
    Built in the 13 BC., the Ara Pacis is an altar created to commemorate the great peace after the Gallic and Spanish campaigns conducted by Augustus.
    (www.arapacis.it/)
     
  • ARC OF CONSTANTINE
    This is an impressive arch standing next to the Colosseum. It was erected to commemorate Constantine’s victory over Maxentius in the famous battle of the Milvian Bridge in 312 CE.
     
  • BASILICA OF ST. JOHN LATERAN
    It is the oldest church in Rome and it is Rome’s cathedral. Built by Constantine the Great in the 4th century, it contains several important relics, a lovely 13th-century cloister and an ancient baptistery.
    (www.vatican.va/)
     
  • BASILICA OF ST. PETER
    Built by Emperor Constantine, St. Peter's was until recently the largest church ever built and it remains one of the holiest sites in Christendom. Amongst the architects who worked on St. Peter we have to mention Raphael, Bramante, Bernini and Michelangelo who designed the immense dome.
    (www.vatican.va/)
     
  • BASILICA OF ST. PAUL OUTSIDE THE WALLS
    Originally founded by Emperor Constantine in the 4th century, the “Basilica di San Paolo” is the tomb of Saint Paul the Apostle. It features a fascinating array of historical, religious and artistic sights to explore.
    (www.vatican.va/various/basiliche/san_paolo/index_it.html)
     
  • BASILICA DI SANTA MARIA MAGGIORE
    Considered by many to be the most beautiful church in Rome after St. Peter, its 18th-century exterior conceals one of the best-preserved Byzantine interiors in the city. Its medieval bell tower is the highest in Rome
    (www.vatican.va/various/basiliche/sm_maggiore/index_en.html)
     
  • CAMPIDOGLIO
    This splendid square built on the Capitoline Hill, the smallest of Rome’s seven hills, was entirely conceived by Michelangelo. It is considered to be one of the most significant contributions ever made in the history of urban planning
    (www.museicapitolini.org)
     
  • SAINT ANGEL’S CASTEL
    This ancient mausoleum was initially intended as a sepulcher for Emperor Hadrian and then transformed by the popes, during middle ages, into a fortress-link building.
    (www.castelsantangelo.com)
     
  • TRAJAN’S COLUMN
    This splendid 40 meter column was erected in 113 A.D. in honor of emperor Trajan to celebrate his victories in Dacia.
     
  • COLOSSEO
    The Colosseum is probably the most impressive building of the Roman empire. Originally known as the Flavian Amphitheater, it was used for the games of gladiators and the fights to the death between men and animals.
    (www.the-colosseum.net)
     
  • DOMUS AUREA
    The Domus Aurea, or “Golden House”, was build by Nero after the great fire in A.D.64 and is one of Rome's hidden treasures. Located below ground level immediately adjacent to the Colosseum, this imperial pleasure palace is an architectural wonder and a treasure trove of artwork.
    (www.museidiroma.com/domus.htm)
     
  • FONTANA DI TREVI
    Built by the architect Nicolò Salvi in 1735, it is the most famous and arguably the most beautiful fountain in Rome. It depicts the "kingdom of Ocean" - the sea god Oceanus (Neptune), with horses, tritons and shells. A traditional legend holds that if visitors throw a coin into the fountain, they are ensured a return to Rome.
     
  • ROMAN FORUM
    Located in a valley that is between the Palatine hill and the Capitoline hill, the Roman Forum was the political, religious and economical centre of the ancient Rome.
    (www.capitolium.org)
     
  • TRAJAN’S MARKETS
    Rome’s ancient “shopping center” known as Trajan’s Markets is remarkably well preserved and worth a visit.
    (www.mercatiditraiano.it/)
     
  • PALAZZO DEL QUIRINALE
    The Quirinal Palace is the official residence of the president of the Italian republic although it was built in 1573 by Pope Gregory XIII as a papal summer residence.
    (www.quirinale.it/)
     
  • PANTHEON
    The Pantheon is a magnificent ancient temple in Rome dedicated to pan theos (“all the gods”) that was later converted into a catholic church. Dating from 125 AD, this is the most complete ancient building in Rome and one of the city's most spectacular sights..
     
  • PIAZZA DEL POPOLO
    Over a period of 300 years, this beautiful square was constructed as the ceremonial entryway to Rome, and, although its elements are diverse in style and in age (13th century BC–19th century AD), a remarkable harmony prevails
     
  • PIAZZA DI SPAGNA
    It is probably the most charming and the most famous square in Rome. The monumental stairway was built in 1725 to link the Bourbon Spanish Embassy with the church of Trinità dei Monti church. In the middle of the square you can admire the baroque fountain of the “old boat”, by Bernini.
     
  • PIAZZA NAVONA
    Lined with Baroque palaces, the vast and beautiful Piazza Navona (Navona Square) was laid out on the ruins of a stadium built by Domitian. There are three fountains, the central one being Bernini's masterpiece, the Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi (Fountain of the Four Rivers) depicting the Nile, Ganges, Danube and the Rio Plata.
     
  • SANTA MARIA IN TRASTEVERE
    Located in the popular Trastevere neighborhood, Santa Maria in Trastevere's long history and dazzling 12th-century mosaics make it well worth a visit.
     
  • BATHS OF CARACALLA
    The Baths of Caracalla were Roman public baths built in Rome between 212 and 217 AD, during the reign of the Emperor Caracalla.
    http://archeoroma.beniculturali.it/it/node/159
    (http://archeoroma.beniculturali.it/it/node/159)
     


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