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Venice - General Information

Venice is unique, magic and unrepeatable. A city born from the foam of the sea like Venus, the splendid goddess of beauty. The city is built on the water. It stands on forests of piles, installed centuries ago to support the City. Venice has been defended by its lagoon throughout the ages and its destiny will be linked to water forever. Extraordinary city, with its lagoon offers an amazing setting and is it listed by Unesco as world Heritage. Also known as a magnetic point for sweethearts, lovers, artists and poets, Venice is a magic city, which stretches across 118 little islands intersected by 150 canals and linked by 400 bridges. Every corner, every view in Venice is a piece of history, an artwork, and the city itself is such an unforgettable feast for the eyes!


Monuments

Venice is marvelous for this reason: you can walk for hours, days or years and you will discover something new every time. You will find new emotions, new wonders. One of the biggest pleasures in Venice is to wander around the “calli and campi “(Venice’s streets and squares), letting yourself be taken away by the secret nooks and corners of this city, that lies on a small archipelago of islands connected by bridges, and stroll around in an enchanting atmosphere that at each glimpse reveals an unexpected beauty. br/> Below you will find a list of some of the most important and suggestive attractions in Venice you can’t definitely miss:

St. Mark Square
Venice’s principal square is full of history and surrounded by great architecture and it is the symbol of the city’s public life. It is the only ‘piazza’ (square) in Venice, the others are called ‘campo’. A long series of modifications have brought the piazza to what it is now – a rectangular public meeting place with the Basilica at one end and an isolated bell tower which is one of the city's most recognizable landmarks to its left.

St. Mark’s Basilica:
The Basilica is the point around which public and religious life revolves.  Symbol of Venice, it is the most famous of the city's churches and one of the best known examples of Byzantine architecture. Even though it has been rebuilt on different occasions, its main style is still Byzantine with the great central dome. St. Mark's Basilica majestically symbolizes the lagoon and enshrines the city's history and it is one of the highlights of a visit to Venice. 

St. Mark Bell Tower
In front of the Basilica you can admire the Bell Tower – 96.8 meters high, the highest bell tower in Venice, called "il padrone di casa" (the landlord) by Venetian people. On top is a gold plated wind vane in the form of archangel Gabriel which is three meters high with large wings.  For Venetians, when the angel is pointing toward the Basilica, it is a sign of impending high tides.  The bell tower provides a gorgeous view of the city and lagoon.

National Marciana Library
The Sansoviniana library, also known as the National Marciana Library, is one of the biggest and most important library in Italy. It is in Saint Marks square, in front of the Dogi palace. The library is specialized on the history of Venice, classic philology, and ancient maps and preserves one of the most important collection of  Greek, Latin and Oriental manuscripts.

Cathedral of Saint George of the Greeks
The Greek Orthodox Cathedral of Saint George in Venice, known as San Giorgio dei Greci, is the oldest and historically the most important church of the Orthodox Diaspora. It has been for centuries one of the most splendid Orthodox temples in the world.  The interior gives hospitality to many paintings by Greeks painters of sixteenth and seventeenth century as the Cretans Michele Damaschinòs and Emanuele Zane.

Church of the Redentore
This church is considered one of the most famous of Andrea Palladio’s work in religious architecture. It was commissioned by the Venetian Republic’s senate in 1577 as a memorial church consecrated to Christ the Redeemer in thanks for the end of the plague. The church is situated on the Giudecca island. The main body of the church is home to important work by Paolo Veronese and his school, Tintoretto, Bassano,  Piazza and Jacopo Palma “the young”.

Church of Santa Maria della Salute
St. Mary of the Health's Basilica, the very example of Venetian Baroque Architecture, is commonly known by Venetians as The Salute Basilica and stands in a prominent position between the Grand Canal and the lagoon in front of St Mark's square. The Basilica houses some of Titian’s masterpieces  and Tintoretto’ s marriage at Cana.

Doge’s Palace
The palace is an amazing example of Venetian Gothic architecture. It was the home of the Doge and law making institutions and a symbol of the wealth and power wielded by the Serenissima, the Venetian Republic. Inside  there are the Great Council rooms, the Senate, and other impressive rooms all decorated with paintings by Tintoretto, Titian and Veronese. 

Grand Canal
The Grand Canal is the main water way in Venice.  It is the city’s most beautiful show piece and is lined with city’s most breathtaking palaces and churches as Cà d’Oro or Cà  Pesaro and Cà Rezzonico, beautiful examples of Venetian Baroque Style. The Grand Canal is 4 kms long and it runs like a backward shaped ‘S’ right through the middle of the city.

Rialto Bridge
Rialto Bridge is the most famous and the more ancient bridge in Venice. Until 1854 it was the only bridge to cross the Grand Canal. Today it's one of the four bridges that cross the Grand canal, together with the Accademia and the Scalzi bridge.

Guglie Bridge
Added after a restoration in 1823, The “Ponte delle Guglie” is one of the two bridges that crosses  the Cannaregio canal, the only inner canal of the historic centre to be crossed by public boats. The bridge is the only one in Venice to be decorated with four beautiful pinnacles

Ponte dei Sospiri (Bridge pf Sighs)
The Bridge of Sighs is a stone bridge that passes over Rio di Palazzo and connects the Doge's Palace's interrogation rooms  and the old prisons. The bridged was designed by Antoni Contino, , at the beginning of the 17th Century using Istrian stone, carved in a Baroque style. Despite its origin (it was used by state prisoners to reach the prisons), the Bridge of sights is one of the most known in the world and is also one of the most photographed in Venice.

Murano Island
It is probably the most famous island of the Venetian Lagoon and it is composed by seven minor islands. It is well known worldwide for the art of blowing glass.


Carnival

Venice’s unmissable and most long-awaited event in the year: the Carnival!!!
Ten days of masquerades, events, music, games and colours. The city goes crazy and fills with cheering crowds, in the central Saint Mark’s Square and in the thousands of other campi, where you can watch plays for free and parades in costume, concerts and historical pageants, events for children and nights of wild dancing, food tasting and other sensorial experiences. An experience for all tastes, with entertainment above all. The Carnival starts 58 days before Easter and ends on Shrove Tuesday (Fat Tuesday or Martedì Grasso), the day before Ash Wednesday.

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