Eyup (Goldenhorn) This district extends from the Golden Horn all the way to the shore of the Black Sea and is a historically important area, especially for Turkey’s muslims. Highlights of the neighbourhood include the Pierre Loti café named after the French novelist and naval officer (1850 – 1923), who lived there for some time, and the Eyup Sultan Mosque.It has stood there since 1458 and is more than just a mosque given that it has tall cypres trees and very important people from the Ottoman Palace have been buried there. No other mosque in Istanbul can boast this. For this reason, the mosque is visited by many who go to pray, ask for good things for the future and beg for mercy from the Eyup Sultan.The most important historical places to see around the Golden Horn are;Pammakaristos Church (Fethiye Mosque) : Built in the 12th century, it was the headquarters of the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate from 1456 to 1568. The church was converted into a mosque in 1591. The side-chapel is a museum and contains wonderful Byzantine mosaics.Valens Aqueduct :This two storey aqueduct (water supply channel) was built in 368 during the time of Emperor Valens. The water ran from the Belgrade Forest to the Great Palace in Sultanahmet. This aqueduct was used up until the 19th century.Fatih Mosque : This huge baroque mosque is where the tomb of Mehmet the Conquer lies. Many Byzantine emperors are also buried here, including Constantine. The building was destroyed in an earthquake in 1766 and rebuilt in the 18th century.Prince’s Mosque (Şehzade Camii): Built by architect Sinan during the reign of Suleyman The Magnificient. It is the first imperial mosque and has a very elegant design.Theodosian Walls : These walls were built between 412 and 422 by Emperor Theodosius. The walls stretch from Yeditepe (the Sea of Marmara) to Ayvansaray (the Golden Horn). You can still walk upon some of the sections, especially those in the Yedikule district.Church of St.George (Aya Yorgi) : This is the worldwide headquarters of the Greek Orthodox Church.Pierre Loti : French author Pierre Loti lived in this area for a long time whilst he was writing his novel. He fell in love with a local woman. The hill and the café that he went to on a frequent basis were named after him. You can reach Pierre Loti Café situated on the hill via the cable car nearby to Eyüp Mosque or even by walking up there. The view of the Golden Horn from the top is beautiful.Miniaturk : This is a park where miniature versions of Istanbul and Turkey's most impressive structures are exhibited. Bosphorus Bridge, Hagia Sophia and Topkapi Palace all feature. There is also a miniature railway, model cars, boats, a cinema and a playground.